Vietnamese Lunar New Year is also called Tet. It falls on February 1st in 2022. Vietnamese people enjoy a 5-day national public holiday from January 31st (Tet Eve) to February 4th, 2022.
Vietnamese New Year is the most important festival of the year in Vietnam, celebrating love, the start of spring, and the best of hopes for the new year. It is observed on the first day of the first month of the Vietnamese Lunar Calendar and ranges between late January and mid-February on the Gregorian calendar.
Lunar year 2022 is a year of the Tiger on the Vietnamese zodiac, from February 1st, 2022 to January 21st, 2023.
Though the public holiday lasts only 5 days, local celebrations usually last around 20 days from ‘Minor New Year’ or ‘Kitchen God Day’ (January 25th in 2022) to Tet Nguyen Tieu — ‘First Full Moon of the Year’ (February 15th, 2022).
Here are the main celebrations and dates, outlined for you to have a general idea of how the Vietnamese people celebrate this most popular festival.
House cleaning and feasting take place on the 23rd day of the last lunar month, which is called ‘Kitchen God Day’.
In Vietnamese culture, there are three deities (God of the Kitchen, God of the Land and House, and God of the Market) in charge of people’s homes and property. The 23rd of the twelfth lunar month is the date for the three deities to go to Heaven for their annual report and prayers for the coming year. They then come back to Earth on New Year's Eve and resume their protective duties for the new year.
On this day, Vietnamese households clean their houses and prepare a tray of traditional offerings as a farewell.
Chung cake is made from the 26th to the 28th day of the last lunar month.
Chung Cake is a traditional and irreplaceable Vietnamese New Year food. They are square cakes made of glutinous rice, pork meat, and green beans and wrapped in bamboo or banana leaves.
Square is traditionally thought of as the shape of Earth in some Asian cultures (Heaven being round).
Vietnamese people make Chung cake to express their gratitude to their ancestors and their homeland.
Read more about typical Vietnamese food...
It is on the last day of Vietnam’s last lunar month.
New Year’s Eve on Vietnam’s lunar calendar is a day for finishing off the events of the past year, preparing for the new year, as well as family gatherings.
It is the first day of Vietnam’s first lunar month.
Vietnamese New Year’s Day is the time Vietnamese visit relatives on their father’s side. For wives and young children, this means the husband’s/father’s father and his relatives.
On the third day of Vietnam’s first lunar month, Vietnamese people visit their (husband’s/father’s) maternal relatives.
Other relatives and old friends in childhood localities are visited from the third to the fifth day of Vietnam’s first lunar month.
The 15th day of Vietnam’s first lunar month is the day of the First Full Moon of the New Year, which is very important for Vietnamese cultural and religious life. On Tết Nguyen Tieu, Vietnamese eat vegetarian food and plain water for purification.
Other activities include:
Vietnamese New Year is a national public holiday called the Tết Holiday, usually lasting 5–7 days. It is the biggest and longest holiday in Vietnam. In 2022, the holiday lasts 5 days from January 30th to February 4th.
For Vietnamese New Year 2022, the government is considering expanding the holiday to 9 days from January 29th to February 6th.
Many shops, government offices, and banks, close during Tết Holiday. Employees working during the Tết holiday are entitled to 300% of their normal daily salary.
Vietnamese New Year is celebrated on the same date as Chinese New Year. Both are based on the same lunisolar calendar. In 2022, it falls on Tuesday February 1st.
But Vietnamese people celebrate New Year with different customs, celebrations, and traditions from China.
Vietnamese New Year (Tết) is based on their lunisolar calendar that gives a varying date in January/February, and each Lunar New Year marks the start of a new zodiac sign year, shown below:
|Vietnamese New Year 2021||January 12th||Year of the Buffalo|
|Vietnamese New Year 2022||February 1st||Year of the Tiger|
|Vietnamese New Year 2023||January 22nd||Year of the Cat|
|Vietnamese New Year 2024||February 10th||Year of the Dragon|
|Vietnamese New Year 2025||January 29th||Year of the Snake|
|Vietnamese New Year 2026||February 17th||Year of the Horse|
|Vietnamese New Year 2027||February 6th||Year of the Goat|
|Vietnamese New Year 2028||January 26th||Year of the Monkey|
|Vietnamese New Year 2029||February 13th||Year of the Chicken|
|Vietnamese New Year 2030||February 3rd||Year of the Dog|
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