There are 19 national holidays in Thailand; some are celebrated over more than one day. Six of these holidays are related to Buddhism, including Songkran Festival, Makha Bucha Day, Visakha Bucha, and Buddhist Lent Day. 11 national holidays honor the great contributions of Thai royalty, such as The Queen Mother's Birthday, Chulalongkorn Day, and Chakri Day. The other two mark international New Year and Labor Day.
Here we present a full list of Thai public holidays in 2022 to help you understand the festivals and holidays of Thailand, and to provide inspiration for you to travel to Thailand to experience them for yourself.
|2022 Date||Holiday Name||Holiday||Remarks|
|January 1||New Year's Day||December 31-January 3||4 days break for International New Year's Day|
|February 16||Makha Bucha Day||16 February||(Buddhist Holy Day) A Buddhist public holiday|
|April 6||Chakri Day||April 6||To commemorate the founding of the Chakri royal dynasty|
|April 13||Songkran Festival||13–15 April||Thai New Year, Water Splashing Festival|
|May 1||Labor Day||April 30-May 2||International Labor Day|
|May 4||H.M. King's Coronation||May 4||The coronation of King Maha Vajiralongkorn|
|May 16||Visakha Bucha||May 14-16||To commemorate the birth of the Buddha|
|June 3||H.M. Queen’s Birthday||June 3-5||To mark the birthday of the current queen of Thailand, Queen Suthida|
|July 13||Asahna Bucha||July 13||To honor the Four Noble Truths of Buddhism|
|July 28||King Vajiralongkorn's Birthday||July 28-29||To mark the birthday of King Vajiralongkorn|
|August 12||The Queen Mother's Birthday||August 12-14||To commemorate the birth of Queen Mother|
|October 23||Chulalongkorn Day||October 22-24||To commemorate King Rama V|
|December 5||King Bhumibol's Birthday||December 3-5||To honor the late King Bhumibol|
|December 10||Constitution Day||December 10-12||To take pride in the Thai monarchy|
Thai holidays follow their weekend holiday pattern. If statutory holiday days fall adjacent to a weekend, then that weekend becomes part of the holiday. If statutory holiday days fall on a weekend, then a Monday is added to the holiday. If statutory holiday days fall midweek, then they stand alone.
1. New Year's Day Holiday (31 Dec. – 3 Jan., 2022)
International New Year's Day (1 January) is the first of three New Year's Days celebrated in Thailand. This 4-day public holiday is from 31st December to 3rd January in 2022, as the statutory holidays of 31 Dec. and 1 Jan. are combined with the adjacent weekend, unless they fall midweek.
Events are held nationwide with fireworks displays and New Year countdown events taking place in most towns and cities in Thailand. Even though it is not the Buddhist New Year, many Thais visit local temples to offer alms to monks. Learn more about Where to Celebrate New Year's Eve in Thailand.
2. Makha Bucha Day (16 Feb., 2022)
Makha Bucha Day 2022 was on Wednesday, February 16th. It will be on March 6th in 2023. Thai people have one day off for this Buddhist public holiday. Makha Bucha Day celebrates some of the teachings that the Buddha delivered on this day many centuries ago.
On this day, the Thai people visit their local temples to meditate, make offerings to monks, and to make merit (perform good deeds) in honor of Buddha.
3. The Songkran Holiday (13–15 Apr., 2022)
Songkran Festival (13th April) marks the beginning of the Thai New Year. It is a Buddhist festival that lasts for three days from 13th–15th April, though the dates may sometimes be changed if deemed necessary by the Thai government.
The festival is also known as the Festival of Water or the Water Splashing Festival. Celebrants pour water on each other, which symbolizes the washing away of any sins or bad luck that they may have accumulated in the previous year. Read more on Songkran Festival.
4. Labor Day Holiday (Apr. 30 – 2 May, 2022)
The holiday will be from 30th April to 2nd May in 2022, picking up the weekend along with the statutory one day of holiday for 1st May. (If 1st May falls from Tuesday to Thursday then the holiday is only one day.)
As in many countries around the world, the 1st of May is celebrated as Labor Day in Thailand. A public holiday, this day is dedicated to improving workers' rights and appreciating the social and economic achievements of the labor movement.
However, in Thailand, the day is not celebrated the way it once used to be, with many just treating it as another day off.
5. Visakha Bucha Holiday (14–16 May, 2022)
Another important public holiday in Thailand is Visakha Bucha Day, when people take a three-day holiday, which is from May 14th to the 16th in 2022. Visakha Bucha Day (16th May, 2022) commemorates the birth, enlightenment, and death of the Buddha, which varies according to Thailand’s lunar calendar, but is almost always in May. The holiday is 3 days with the adjacent weekend unless Visakha Bucha falls from Tuesday to Thursday.
Devout Buddhists flock to local temples to make merit (practice good deeds) in honor of the Buddha. They make donations and take part in several rituals, including the setting free of birds and fish.
6. H.M. The Queen's Birthday Holiday (3–5 Jun., 2022)
H.M. Queen’s Birthday holiday will be from 3rd to 5th June in 2022, picking up the weekend as the birthday falls on a Friday. It is a national holiday in Thailand marking the birthday (3rd June) of the current queen of Thailand, Queen Suthida. During the holiday, government offices will be closed. People clean and decorate their houses and buildings to honor their queen during this holiday.
7. The Queen Mother's Birthday Holiday (Aug. 12–14, 2022)
The holiday will be from August 12 to 14 in 2022, including the weekend after the Friday birthday in 2022. As the mother of King Vajiralongkorn and the widow of former King Bhumibol, the birthday (12 August) of Queen Sirikit (the Queen Mother) is celebrated with much fanfare in Thailand.
This day is also used to honor mothers throughout the country, which essentially means that the day is also the Thai version of Mother's Day.
8. Chulalongkorn Day (22–24 Oct., 2022)
Chulalongkorn Day holiday will be from 22nd to 24th of October in 2022, as Chulalongkorn Day (23rd October) is a Sunday this year. Chulalongkorn a.k.a. King Rama V (r. 1873–1910) is one former King of Thailand with a public holiday in his memory. The day honors his life and accomplishments, as during his reign, he made changes that had a significant impact on the economy, workers' rights, and human rights in general.
Under his rule, slavery was abolished, freedom of speech was implemented, and by adopting Western economic models, Thai people were able to enjoy improved income levels.
9. King Bhumibol's Birthday (3–5 Dec., 2022)
Every year, 5 December is a public holiday for Thai people to pay respect to and honor the late King Bhumibol, whose birthday falls on that day. Thai people will have 3 days off from December 3 to 5. The day doubles up as the Thai version of "Father's Day," as this is the day when fathers are honored for their devotion to their children.
10. Constitution Day (10 Dec., 2022)
There are 3 days off from 10th to 12th December in 2022 to celebrate Thailand’s Constitution Day (10th December), as it falls on a Saturday in 2022. It is a holiday for taking pride in the Thai monarchy as well as its constitution.
In the early 1930s, the country was going through an economic depression. King Rama VII struggled to carry the country through these troubled times and thus relinquished some of the monarchy's power by transforming the country’s governance into a constitutional monarchy.
The following dates are regional or government holidays and festivals, not a public holiday.
|2022 Date||Holiday Name||Remarks|
|February 1||Chinese New Year||Regional Holiay （not a public holiday）|
|May 11||Royal Ploughing Ceremony Day||Government holiday for a symbolic rice planting ceremony （not a public holiday）|
|July 14||Buddhist Lent Day||Government holiday （not a public holiday）|
|August 12||Mother's Day||A day to remember the birthday of Her Majesty Queen Sirikit. (Not a public holiday)|
|September 24||Prince Mahidol Day||To mark contributions of Prince Mahidol|
|October 13||Anniversary of the Death of King Bhumibol||To commemorate King Bhumibol|
|November 9||Loy Krathong Holiday||Thai festival of Light (A famous Thai festival, but not a public holiday)|
|December 5||Father's Day||To commemorates the birthday of the late King of Thailand, Bhumibol Adulyadej.(Not a public holiday)|
How many public holidays are there in Thailand?
In Thailand, there are about 20 national holidays a year. Almost every month has a holiday in it. If the dates fall on a weekend, the holiday will be observed on the following Monday.
What is the most popular holiday in Thailand?
Songkran Festival is the biggest and most important holiday in Thailand. The Songkran holiday usually lasts from 13th to 15th April, but in many places in Thailand, the holiday extends to 5–10 days or more. Read more on Songkran Festival.
Will holiday celebration activities be cancelled for the COVID-19 outbreak?
According to Thailand’s Department of Disease Control, group gatherings and large celebrations for 2022 holidays and festivals will be cancelled if the daily COVID-19 new case rate reaches 30,000.
Tourism During Thailand Public Holidays
If you are planning a visit to Thailand during one of the public holidays, be advised that tourist attractions and hotels are quite crowded during these times. You should also account for the fact that banks and government buildings usually remain closed.
However, many businesses remain open on public holidays. So you will still be able to enjoy trips to the mall, restaurants, and popular tourist attractions.
For the reasons above, make sure you book flights, accommodation, and any visits to attractions in advance. We also suggest that you arrive as early as possible for all travel arrangements.
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