Caucasus Tour of Azerbaijan, Georgia, and Armenia
When traveling in the Caucasus, you will not only get to explore landscapes of natural beauty with clean mountain air, fresh valleys, and views of the Caspian Sea, but you will also get to experience the unique mix of cultures in this region and learn its history.
In this 12-day Caucasus tour, you will start from Azerbaijan, a diverse country that features modern architecture and magnificent fortresses, mosques, and palaces. Continue to Georgia, a country with a rich history and culture, and also the cradle of wine. Finish the tour in one of the oldest countries, Armenia, and discover why it became the first Christian state in the world.
- Explore the Baku Old City and immerse yourself in medieval times
- Stroll along the cobbled streets of Sheki and discover the local colorful food market.
- Relax in the colorful Sighnaghi, the town of love, with a glass of wine.
- Appreciate the Greater Caucasus Mountains from Bodbe Monastery.
- Drive along Lake Sevan and enjoy breathtaking views of the snowcapped mountains from Sevanavank Monastery.
Itinerary in Detail
This sample itinerary is designed only for your reference. Follow our Tailor-made Guidelines to create an ideal Caucasus holiday tour.
Day 1 Arrival in Baku (Azerbaijan)
Arrive in Baku. Meet your local guide and driver at the arrival hall and drive to your hotel. The rest of the day will be at your disposal.
Day 2 Baku Tour and Absheron Peninsula
Your Caucasus tour starts with a Baku city tour. You will first visit the Highland Park with a panoramic view of the Baku Bay. From there, you will be able to spot the major architectural landmarks of the Baku city, like the three Flame Towers, Crystal Hall, and the National Stadium. Next, explore the Baku Old City (12th - 19th century) and go on an inside tour to the three important sites there: Shirvanshah's Palace, Caravanserai, and Maiden Tower. Spend some time strolling the narrow streets and stop at the market square, which has numerous art studios and souvenir stalls.
After lunch at a local restaurant, drive to the Absheron Peninsula (30KM) by the Caspian Sea. Visit Ateshgah of Baku, also known as the Fire Temple, which was once a place of worship for saints who came from India. The burning flame was located atop a natural gas vent in old times, but presently, the fire is fed by piped methane gas. Learn from your local guide why this place holds so much significance for the Zoroastrians. Return to Baku and the evening is free for you to explore the city by yourself.
Day 3 Baku – Gobustan – Baku
In the morning, drive to Gobustan (64KM) to visit the Petroglyphs Museum, where you can enjoy the cave paintings. Gobustan is home to mud volcanoes, and if weather allows, you can drive through them in a four-wheel drive. In summertime, it is advisable to bring sunscreen with UV protection to avoid getting sunburn.
After lunch, return to Baku and visit the Heydar Alyev Cultural Centre, one of the signature architectural landmarks of modern Baku, designed by Iraqi-British architect Zaha Hadid.
Day 4 Baku – Shamakhi – Sheki
breakfast and lunch
Check out from the hotel and depart from Baku for Sheki (300KM). On the way, you will visit Diri Baba Mausoleum in Maraza village and the historical Juma Mosque in Shamakhi. This will be followed by a scenic drive through the awesome Muganly Mountain Pass. If time and weather allow, you can make a quick stop at Nohur Lake for a great mountain view.
After lunch, continue driving to Sheki, a pleasant medieval town, which is fun to explore by foot. You can spend the rest of the day trying the local famous baklava (a rich, sweet dessert pastry made of layers of filo with hazelnuts, etc.) and strolling through the town.
Day 5Sheki – Azerbaijan/Georgia Border – Sighnaghi
breakfast and lunch
Check out the hotel in the morning and start your day with a Sheki tour. You will visit the Sheki Khans Palace, which was once the summer residence for the Sheki Khans. The palace is surrounded by fortress walls with very impressive stained glass, but photography is not permitted inside. You will then visit the Caravanserai, a nice place to imagine yourself going back to the ancient Silk Road times. Explore the local bazaar, a colorful market where you can find almost everything you want to eat. Pack some snacks for the rest of your tour.
After lunch, drive to the Azerbaijan – Georgia border (115KM) and say goodbye to Azerbaijan. Your new tour guide and driver from Georgia will meet you at the border and escort you to Sighnaghi (50KM), also called the City of Love, which is especially popular among couples. The town was an important trading center on the Great Silk Road, full of architectural monuments, folk art, and handicrafts. This is also one of the best and most romantic places to taste Georgia wine. After checking in at the hotel, you may hire a motorbike from the hotel and go on a small adventure. Ride to discover what might attract you.
Day 6Sighnaghi to Tbilisi
breakfast and lunch
You may choose to have a late start to visit the Bodbe Monastery. This holy place is said to be the burial site of St. Nino, who converted Georgia to Christianity in the 4th century. It is now a nunnery and a good place to appreciate the Greater Caucasus Mountains.
Enjoy some more free time in the town before driving down to Tbilisi (110KM), the capital of Georgia. After checking in at the hotel, you are free to explore the city in the evening.
Day 7 Tbilisi City Tour and Free Walking Tour in Tbilisi Old Town
Start your morning by sightseeing in Tbilisi. You will first visit the Holy Trinity Cathedral, which is the third-tallest Eastern Orthodox cathedral in the world. Continue to Metekhi Church, from where you can capture panoramic views of the old part of the city. Take the one-way Aerial Tramway up to the Narikala Fortress and admire the whole city from the top. Stroll down from the fortress and you will reach to the old part of the city.
The whole afternoon is for you to explore Sioni cathedral, the clock tower at the Rezo Gabriadze Theatre, Anchiskhati Church, Liberty Square, and the narrow streets with cozy cafés, wine bars, and souvenir shops. Try to take the local subway, a soviet style one with very deep underground and long escalators. Ask your guide for directions to reach your hotel.
Day 8Mtskheta Sightseeing Tour and Ananuri
After breakfast, drive to the former capital of Georgia, Mtskheta (25KM). You will stop at the Jvari Monastery, an architectural masterpiece of the early Medieval Period. It is situated on a cliff above Mtskheta, a good place to view the confluence of the Aragvi and Mtkvari rivers. Continue to drive to Mtskheta and visit Svetitskhoveli Cathedral, a sacred place where the robe of Christ is kept.
After lunch in a local restaurant, drive to the Ananuri Fortress Complex (78KM). It was a former residence of Argveti dukes, which overlooks the Jinvali Reservoir. This multifunctional architectural complex combines a castle, a bell tower, three churches, and beautifully carved walls. Take some nice pictures here. Head back to Tbilisi in the late afternoon.
Days 9Tbilisi – Georgia/Armenia Border – Haghpat – Sevanavank – Yerevan
breakfast and lunch
After breakfast, drive to the Georgian-Armenian border, Sadakhlo (75KM); on crossing the border, your local guide and driver will greet you in Armenia.
Drive to visit the Haghpat Monastic Complex (30KM). It is an exceptional example of Armenian architecture of the 10th - 13th century, which stands on a hillside, overlooking the Debed River Canyon.
After lunch in a traditional Armenian restaurant, drive down to Lake Sevan (138KM), one of the largest high-mountain freshwater lakes in the world. Here, you will visit Sevanavank Monastery, which is situated at the northwestern shore of the lake, surrounded by snowcapped mountains. It was an important spiritual center for several hundred years.
Depart to Yerevan (80KM), the capital of Armenia.
Days 10Yerevan City Tour and Etchmiadzin Cathedral
Start with a city tour in Yerevan. It is one of the world's oldest cities, and has the nickname “Pink City”, as most Soviet-era buildings were constructed out of pink stones. You will first visit the Armenian Genocide Museum, which will give you an insight into the past suffering of the Armenian people. Next, visit the Cascade Monument which offers panoramic views of the city from the top and overlooks Mt. Ararat. The monument is a giant stairway made of limestone, with around 572 steps, separated into 5-6 floors. You can choose to climb the stairs or take the electrical escalators from the ground floor. There are different fountains, sculptures, and indoor galleries as well. Spend an hour and walk along the streets, and you may pass the Republic Square, Opera House, Swan Lake, and Abovyan Avenue.
After lunch in a local restaurant, drive out of the city to Etchmiadzin (20KM). Here, you will visit the Etchmiadzin Cathedral. It was the first cathedral built in ancient Armenia, and the most beautiful example of early Christian art and architecture. Return to Yerevan.
Day 11Garni Temple and Geghard Monastery
In the morning, drive to Geghard (40KM) and visit Geghard Monastery, an ancient Armenian monastery. It is partially carved out of the mountain and surrounded by cliffs. You may have a chance to hear a cappella performance in this historical site. Visit Garni Temple, the best-known structure and symbol of pre-Christian Armenia. It is the only remaining Greco-Roman colonnaded building in Armenia.
A special experience awaits you in Garni village. You will have a chance to take part in a ritual of baking the national lavash bread with the local villagers. Lavash is a soft, thin unleavened flatbread, baked in a tandoor oven. Enjoy an open-air lunch before returning to Yerevan.
You will have a free afternoon to explore the town before departing home the next day.
Check out from the hotel. Your guide and driver will take you to the Yerevan International Airport to take your flight back home. Say goodbye to Armenia.
Asia Highlights Handpicked Hotels
We have selected hotels with different styles and for different budgets. Let us know your preferences and we will help you find the right one.
- Good location, only 50 metres from Sheki Kahn Palace
- Equipped with large rooms and a swimming pool
- Hotel Restaurant serves traditional Azerbaijan cuisine
- Weather The best time to visit Caucasus countries is from May to June and September to October, when temperatures are most pleasant. As July to August is holiday time, it is best to avoid visiting at this time to escape the heat and crowds. It is usually freezing from December to February, and the winter often lasts till April, but this a good time to visit for people who want to go skiing. Tell us your available travel dates, and we will make your trip as comfortable as possible.
- About Extending Your Caucasus Trip If you have more days in hand, or if you are touring in winter, an extension tour to Kazbegi near Tbilisi to appreciate the snowy mountains would be a good choice. Or, if you would like to explore more of Armenia’s history and religion, take a day tour to the south of Yerevan and visit the Khor Virap Monastery; you will learn why Armenia became the first officially Christian nation in the world.