Home Myanmar Travel GuideSecurity and Health When Traveling to SE Asia

Security and Health When Traveling to SE Asia


With the exercise of common-sense rules and caution, Indochina is generally safe for traveling, in all the areas open to foreigners. Most countries in the region retain generally law-abiding societies, with friendly and helpful citizens, and only few violent crimes; though petty crime is on the rise.

Health is more of a concern, due to relatively low sanitation standards and more limited healthcare services, but serious illnesses are rare. That said, a bout of illness can’t be ruled out, but probably won’t be a big problem. Just make sure your travel insurance includes good medical cover.


Though most visitors, with the application of common-sense, will have a safe and healthy stay in Indochina, it is always a good idea to buy travel insurance.

Make sure your insurance covers all activities planned on your trip along with emergency medical evacuation, as travel inevitably involves some risks.

General Precautions

Traveling in Indochina is generally considered safe. There have, however, been incidents of petty crime, such as pick-pocketing, bag-snatching and scams, in larger cities such as Ho Chi Minh City, Phnom Penh and Yangon.

Some locals grab bags or money and run away. Some motorbike thieves follow foreigners and wait for a chance to snatch items or cash, before driving on. So be cautious when out walking.

It’s advisable not to carry large sums of money and not to wear too much jewelry. Take care to leave valuable items in the hotel safe and follow the basic tip of keeping scanned copies of your passport and other important documents in a safe place, in case you lose the originals.

To avoid scams, don’t accept invitations to strangers’ homes or go for a drink with strangers. Don’t allow vendors to take your credit card out of sight. Don’t stay out late at night, especially if you are in a remote area.

Health Issues

Travelers tend to worry about contracting infectious disease when visiting the tropics, where healthcare facilities may be below par and sanitation is relatively poor. Actually, infections are rare and rarely cause serious illness, just some ailments which can be prevented or are easily treated.

Before traveling, consult your doctor early for suggestions on vaccinations, as most vaccines do not produce immunity until at least two weeks after they’re given. Vaccines recommended by the World Health Organization (WHO) for travelling to Indochina are as follows: diphtheria and tetanus, hepatitis A, hepatitis B, measles and typhoid.

Pack medications in clearly labeled containers and bring a description of any medical conditions. If you take medication, bring a full supply of prescribed medicine. It might be difficult to find the exact pills you are taking in local pharmacies in Laos or Myanmar, as medication there is often in short supply.

Medical Facilities

The quality of medical services varies enormously from city to city. The most up-to-date facilities and best treatment are to be found in major cities such as Bangkok, Hanoi, Ho Chi Minh City, Phnom Penh, Siem Reap, Vientiane and Yangon.

In these cities, hospitals and clinics are sufficient for daily needs and pharmacies are well stocked. For serious conditions, it may be best to seek treatment in Bangkok or Singapore.

Elsewhere, in smaller towns, facilities are more basic with lower healthcare standards.

Heat Exhaustion

The Indochinese countries have a tropical monsoon climate with average temperatures over 30°C throughout the year. Most westerners will find it hot and humid, although the dry season from November to February is much cooler, with very little rainfall.

Dehydration sometimes causes heat exhaustion, with symptoms like weakness, dizziness and perspiration. Avoid excessive activity in the heat, or long periods of exposure to high temperatures. Drink plenty of water often and eat salty food. Wear light clothes and sun hats.

Food and Drink

Ailments such as stomach problems, diarrhea and allergies, often afflict travelers. Such ailments are usually caused by local bacteria in food and can be avoided by taking routine precautions.

Vegetables and fruit should be washed with purified water or peeled before eating. Wash hands before meals and eat only well-cooked food. Eat only at clean places and ask your guide for advice.

Avoid food that is prone to cause allergies, such as shellfish, or food that is not quite fresh anymore. Stick to bottled water and never drink tap water.

Insect Bites and Infections

A mosquito bite causes itching and discomfort, and may lead to dengue fever or malaria. Disease-carrying mosquitoes are active at dusk or night. To avoid being bitten, spray repellent and sleep in air-conditioned rooms.

Seek medical advice before you travel, especially if planning to visit jungle areas or rural places. Most western-operated medical institutions in the main cities in Indochina have strains of disease-resistant vaccinations.

Narcotics and HIV-AIDS

All the countries in Indochina have a problem with heroin and methamphetamine; especially Myanmar, which is the second largest producer of opium in the world and suffers high levels of drug addiction.

The golden triangle stretching across the mountains of three countries – Myanmar, Laos and Thailand – is where opium is grown and crystal meth is made. Most of the finished drugs are sent to northern Thailand and then down to Bangkok for international distribution.

Asia Highlights kindly urges customers to cherish life and abstain from drugs.

Indochina suffers a high rate of HIV-AIDS and the number of people carrying the disease is on the rise. The official line is that the infection is mainly limited to sex workers and drug addicts.

Female Travelers

All the countries in Indochina are good and relaxing destinations for female travelers.

Most women travel with at least one companion, since traveling alone in some remote areas or walking alone late at night may be risky, like in many other places. Having a companion makes the whole journey safer and more fun.

Still, thousands of women do travel alone and enjoy the experience. Just be cautious if you’re wandering off the beaten track. Normally, dressing modestly will help to avoid unwanted attention.

Out of respect, keep your shoulders and knees covered when visiting temples. In some temples it’s not permitted for female visitors to enter the upper terraces or touch the deities.

Traveling with Children

Children tend to have a good time in most Indochinese countries, as they are often the centre of attention and local people like playing with them.

There are plenty of things to keep kids interested and they will find it fun to join in many activities, such as boat trips, cooking classes and beach time.

Children also enjoy the local cuisine and variety of fresh fruit. Most Indochinese countries have a low level of public sanitation, however, so parents may need to pay more attention to maintaining the health of their kids.

For example, set some ground rules, such as washing hands regularly, and abstaining from cold foods and drinks.


In most Indochinese countries, toilets are generally of the sit-down variety. Public toilets are rare and charge small fees. Travelers usually rely on washrooms in restaurants, which will be more or less clean. Since toilet paper and hand soap are seldom provided, carry some of your own.

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Home Vietnam Travel GuideVietnam VS Thailand

Vietnam vs Thailand - 8 Major Differences


Vietnam and Thailand are the most popular holiday destinations in Southeast Asia. They are similar in climate and food, though obviously different in culture, lifestyle and travel experience.

Below we list five major differences between the two countries, to give you a quick overview and help you decide which to visit first. These are based on our own travel experiences, investigations, and partnerships with local operators.

Vietnam vs Thailand: Winner on 8 Major Differences 

  Vietnam Thailand Winner
1. Culture and history … is influenced by three main religions — Buddhism, Taoism and Confucianism — with a lifestyle inherited from the French colonial period. … practices Theravada Buddhism (90%+ of the population) along with a western lifestyle. Vietnam
2. Convenience of travel …is okay to travel to and within the country, but a bit more effort required. …offers easier and faster access to and within the country. Thailand
3. Cost and currency … accepts USD or dong; street vendors prefer dong, while most hotels and restaurants accept USD. … accepts only Thai baht (although some prices are quoted in USD), and uses various types of card. Equal
4. Travel experience … boasts diverse landscapes and authentic local experiences, with charming old quarters and ancient towns. … is proud of quality beaches and comfort of travel, featuring Buddhist temples and festivals. Vietnam
5. Beaches ...beaches are less crowded and less expensive, nice beach condition depends on the time of year. ...luxury beach resorts, pristine beaches and variety off-island activities such as diving... Equal
6. Weather Vietnam has a more diverse climate. ...hot season, then hot and wet season, then cooler season, which still easily reaches 20°C and higher. Vietnam
7. Tourist satisfaction ...around 10%. ...over 50% tourist return rate. Thailand
8.Tourist Traps … sometimes has issues with cheating and is not so convenient at New Year. … has more issues with cheating, theft and porn deals, and is quite touristy. Vietnam

1. Culture and History: Vietnam has a bigger culture contrast than Thailand for Western Travelers

Chinese occupation has left a profound legacy in Vietnam, especially in the form of Confucianism and Taoist deities, which impact customs, traditions, and beliefs. The legacy of French colonialism is most visible in distinctive French architecture.

Thailand’s culture, on the other hand, has developed in the direction of Theravada Buddhism, and many exuberant festivals are connected to both Buddhism and the changing seasons.

Vietnam wins among western travelers especially Americans who want to experience a bigger contrast in cultures compared with their home countries.

Vietnam keeps more authentic local culture

People over 50 years of age in the northern part of Vietnam may still feel some hostility towards westerners, because of the Vietnam War, but most locals are nice to visitors.

Many overseas Vietnamese are returning to Vietnam and bringing with them Western cultural influence. Everyone is learning English and designer-clothing is common in the streets.

Thailand has more western influence

The whole country is much influenced by western thought and lifestyle. Thai people are easily satisfied and they believe that life should be fun. Thai people have a great passion for Thai food.

2. Convenience of Travel: Thailand is More Convenient than Vietnam

Generally speaking, Thailand wins with regard to convenience and comfort. Vietnam offers an easier taste of authentic local life.

Vietnam’s internal transport system is becoming more convenient, with air transport already good, though the country’s road and rail transport infrastructure need more upgrading. Organized trips, from day-tours to long-haul itineraries, are common. Many travel companies operate in Hanoi, Hoi An, and Ho Chi Minh City.

Thailand is highly developed in tourism with numerous airlines serving both international and domestic routes. Local transportation is convenient and tuk-tuks driving through the streets bring even more fun to the Thai experience. Thousands of tour agencies in Bangkok, Chiang Mai and renowned beach destinations like Phuket, make it easy for visitors to find appropriate travel service.

Thailand has more direct international flights connections than Vietnam

There are not that many international flights from western countries to Vietnam, only a few from big cities such as San Francisco, Paris, Sydney, and Beijing. Most international flights from western cities need at least one connecting flight through Kuala Lumpur, Singapore or Bangkok. Learn more about the best domestic airlines in Thailand.

Vietnam Airlines, the country’s official international carrier, provides direct flights. Other international airlines like Cathay Pacific, Air France, Qantas, and Thai Airways also serve Vietnam. A trans-pacific journey from the USA or Europe takes over 20 hours.

Thailand is served by far more airlines, from all over the world. Direct flights are available from North America, Europe, Australia, and Asia. For example, Thai Airways operates direct flights from Los Angeles to Bangkok, British Airways and United Airlines offer connecting service from New York. Qantas provides direct flights from Sydney and Melbourne.

Thailand has better domestic travel facilities and services than Vietnam

Travel around Thailand is easy and convenient. There are many domestic flights, and two airports in Bangkok. Suvarnabhumi (BKK) is one of the busiest airports in Asia, used for both international and domestic flights. The older Don Muang Airport (DMK) now mainly serves as a hub for Thai Air Asia, Nok Air, and other budget airlines, providing domestic flights.

Buses in Thailand are generally in good condition and some long-distance buses even include a meal or snack, with water. Trains are also a good way to travel in Thailand, but they are a little bit slow and maybe in poor condition; possibly okay for those who are staying a long time in Thailand or for those who simply love taking trains.

Visas – Thailand provides easier and faster access

Thailand is much more convenient with respect to visas. Passport holders from 57 countries, including the citizens of most European countries, Australia, and the US, can enter Thailand for up to 30 days without acquiring a visa beforehand. Click here to see the Tourist visa exemption scheme and how to apply for a Thailand visa.

Language – English is used more commonly in Thailand

Vietnamese people engaged in tourism can speak English, but it is not as popular on the streets as in Thailand. In Thailand, English is more common, and many people in the cities can speak English. English is obligatory for children from kindergarten onwards.

Thailand has better medical and health care system than Vietnam

Thailand’s medical system is very good compared with Vietnam and other Southeast Asian countries, and relative to American or European medical costs, it is cheap.

3. Cost and Currency: Vietnam and Thailand are Both Affordable

Both Thailand and Vietnam are developing countries with a relatively low cost of living and labor, so a holiday in either country is generally affordable and good value. They offer high-quality resorts, restaurants, and tours, at prices matching a wide range of budgets.

Accommodation Cost – both countries offer good-value hotels

Food Cost: Both are great although Vietnam is slightly cheaper

Another factor of Vietnamese cuisine is the French influence. The coffee culture in Vietnam sets itself apart in some ways among most Southeast Asian countries.

Currency – exchanging money is easy

4. Travel Experience: Which is A Better Destination?

Conclusion: Vietnam wins in diverse landscapes and authentic local experience, and is less expensive at the moment depending on your tastes and budget.

Thailand is more geared up to tourists and has a little more variety to offer to beach lovers, giving it a definite advantage.

Most visitors begin their Vietnam trip in Hanoi, before taking in several UNESCO World sites like Halong Bay, Hue and Hoi An, as well as the Mekong Delta, and ending in Ho Chi Minh City. Authentic experiences in combined tours are designed for you to be inspired by street food discovery in the narrow alleys, a cooking class outside the ancient town, or a boat trip through a lively market.

Thailand is renowned for excellent beaches and profound Buddhist culture. The country’s many pleasures can be experienced from an classical itinerary starting in Bangkok, moving to neighboring historical parks like Ayutthaya and Sukhothai, then heading to the north to visit Chiang Mai and Chiang Rai, and ending at the beaches. It is truly rewarding if you plan your trip to Thailand neatly.

Vietnam’s diverse landscape vs Thailand’s quality beaches

Hiking trails in the mountainous northern area leading to ethnic minorities are highlights of Vietnam. Natural scenery is better than in Thailand and the cruises in Ha Long Bay and boats on the Mekong River are unique.

Vietnam’s authentic experience vs Thailand’s comfort travel

5. Vietnam vs Thailand in Beaches: Thailand Wins!

Vietnam does have some good beaches, but they are generally not as attractive as those in Thailand.

The tourist resources in Thailand are rich, both in cultural attractions like the ruins of the ancient Lanna kingdom and in high quality beaches of the upper Andaman Coast. The land-based scenery is dominated by temples, however, which may lead to aesthetic fatigue.

Thailand is renowned for its beaches. The country has numerous soft, sandy beaches stretching for miles as well as warm, clear, and calm waters. There are many beaches and islands accessible from Phuket, although we would advise avoiding Kho Phi Phi as it has become overwhelmed with tourists since the famous movie The Beach, starring Leonardo DiCaprio, was screened. In that particular location, the island experience no longer exists and the island itself has been badly affected.

To the north of Phuket, Nai Yang and Nai Harn are fine beaches and are quite close to the international airport. They are often overlooked except as an overnight transit stay.

Frequently heard of beaches also means massive tourism: With regard to Phuket, Pattaya, and beaches such as Railay in Krabi, you’re not exactly exploring new territory but there’s still a good selection of beach destinations that are hard to beat. It’s not easy to escape the crowds but it’s still possible. Bang Tao Beach on the northwest coast of Phuket is big enough for you to be able to find your own space.

Crowd alert: Phuket’s Karon Beach has perfect long stretches of white sand with crystal clear waters most of the year although, naturally, it can get crowded because of this.

Off the beaten path Koh Yao Noi: If you’re prepared to take a 40-minute long-tail boat trip over to Koh Yao Noi, you’ll find a beautiful little island that’s still relatively unspoiled. This hasn’t been overdeveloped yet so is a side of Thailand that gives plenty of scope for really getting away from it all on a very tranquil and peaceful island. Bear in mind that Koh Yao Noi has a majority Muslim population so this is where to go to enjoy peace and quiet — this is not for your Patong–Bangla–Khaosan crowd!

Learn more about the Top Beaches in Thailand. Find out which is better to go to between Khao Lak, Bangtao, and Surin in Phuket, Bophut, Choeng Mon, and Maenam in Koh Samui, and Klong Muang or Koh Lanta in Krabi.

Vietnam hasn’t been widely known as a beach destination but places like the island of Phu Quoc and the south coast destination of Nha Trang have recently become known as popular beach destinations. Da Nang and Hoi An, in particular, have very long stretches of beach and can be great for families with children although Da Nang is a little plain and, during winter months, can be quite bleak. However, the sheer scale and variety of seafood is second to none.

Hoi An has, in recent years, suffered from the same popularity issue that has ruined Kho Phi Phi. It’s worth a day trip but not necessarily a long stay. There are hordes of a-little-too-late-for-the-party backpackers and large tourist groups forming what seems like an endless queue traipsing around. However, it’s still very scenic and idyllic, making it ideal for families.

Both Da Nang and Hoi An have plenty of amenities and are easy to get to.

They are possibly less scenic than some places in Thailand but are no less enjoyable because they have fewer crowds. Be aware, Vietnam is an up-and-coming beach destination. Check it out before the waterfronts become overbuilt with luxury resorts.

Phu Quoc has a beach with starfish: We recommend you try this beautiful, peaceful island while it’s still relatively unvisited. Bai Sao is as popular as Long Beach is in the main town of Duong Dong. For perfect tranquility, you can’t beat Starfish Beach, which is located at the north of the island. It is in a peaceful, calm bay with an abundance of stilted seafood restaurants and, of course, starfish. At the south of the island, you’ll find the charming little fishing town of An Thoi where you can enjoy an inexpensive yet high-quality meal on the lovely rooftop restaurant at Phung Hung Boutique Hotel. Recommended accommodation on Phu Quoc would be Lana Hotel, which is perfectly placed to visit all of Phu Quoc, and Hai Anh Guesthouse, which is further north on the eastern coast — this is best for a lower budget but it is very hospitable.

Must-read tip: The time of year is a big factor with beaches. As with anywhere, some beaches can have crystal clear waters at some times and be murky at others. It’s difficult to know for sure what they’ll be like at any point so it’s always best to check with a trusted agent, such as Asia Highlights. We can contact our local expert guides who can give an up-to-date account of the local beach and sea conditions.

Crowd alert at Ha Long Bay: The karst limestone peaks of Ha Long and Lan Ha bays are very popular with boat trips and tourists so be warned that they can be somewhat spoiled by over-popularity.

6. Weather: Thailand Is Hotter Than Vietnam

Thailand has a hot season, the high season, which usually lasts from March/April to June/July. That turns into the rainy season that continues until October as the southwest monsoon impacts the country. The so-called cool season is drier and more comfortable but temperatures still easily reach 20°C and higher.

Vietnam has a more diverse climate. The south is divided between wet and dry seasons, which is similar to Thailand. In Central Vietnam, the mountain ranges have an impact. Da Lat and the Central Highlands have their dry season from December to March until the southwest monsoon season. The central lowlands, such as Nha Trang, are protected by the mountains and enjoy a long dry season from January to October.

North Vietnam has an actual winter and summer, completely different to much of Southeast Asia. The winter, from November to March, is wet and cool. The summer, from May to October, is hot with the occasional typhoon. Many travelers visit Southeast Asia in January/February for the dry season, and arriving in Hanoi to be met with cold, wet days can be a surprise.

7. Tourist Satisfaction: Thailand Has a Better Tourist Return Rate Than Vietnam

Apparently, over 50% of Thailand’s tourists return whereas the return rate for Vietnam is around 10%. This is probably due to the convenience in traveling in Thailand. The scare stories relating to scams are possibly one reason for this difference in figures, although the truth is that similar scams can happen to unwary and unprepared tourists in both countries, and though Vietnam scams are more pushy, Thailand scams can be very tricky sometimes.

8. Tourist Traps & Scams: Thailand Traps are More Tricky

Though most local people are exceptionally friendly and helpful, tourist traps and scams come in various forms. Some are straightforward fraudulent charges, while others may be connected with porn deals. The following will highlight some common traps for you to avoid when traveling.

Vietnam – some cheating and inconvenient at New Year

Cheating in the shops can be one of the most annoying problems for travelers to Vietnam. Shops may attract customers by advertising lower prices, but the price may increase at any time and you may end up pulling out more money than what was originally asked for. Continue to read Vietnam Tourist Traps and Scams.

In addition, cheating may even happen as you change money. Since the denominations of dong are very large, sometimes travelers may be confused by the trail of “0”s; so please pay attention when changing money, paying or receiving change.

Another problem is the inconvenience when traveling in Vietnam during Vietnamese New Year (late January to mid-February). Since New Year is a time for family reunion, local people will migrate back to their hometowns before the New Year. Most shops, offices or businesses will close for a week and the traffic will be extraordinarily busy.

Thailand – cheating and porn deals

Cheating of some kind may also happen in Thailand. Some restaurants have two menus, one for locals and the other with higher prices for foreigners. Some tuk-tuk drivers may tell you they can take you to visit many temples and you need only pay 20 baht.

After visiting a few ordinary temples, they'll convince you to go to massage shops and tailors they recommend. The prices in those shops will certainly shock you, for they will be two or three times higher than the normal prices. Continue to read How to Avoid Tourist Traps in Thailand.

Porn deals are hard to avoid in Thailand. The sex industry generates upwards of 100 billion baht each year. When you travel in Thailand, you will be vulnerable to being caught up in this. Please note that some people may try and earn money from you via sexual transactions.

Theft of credit cards and passports is common in Thailand. Therefore, it’s best to buy insurance for personal property to protect against loss.

Explore Other Asian Countries

Thailand and Vietnam are both incredible places to visit on your holiday. If you are interested in experiencing other unique cultures and incredible destinations make sure to check out India with its flavorful food, diversity, and teeming markets and Cambodia with its ancient temples, smiling people, and tragic past.

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