Amber Fort, often called the Amber Palace, is a fort built out of sandstone and marble located in the Aravalli hills. The fort consists of a series of courtyards, palaces, halls, and gardens decorated with high ramparts, gates, and cobbled paths.
The Amber Fort was built by Maharaja Man Singh in 1592 and is connected to the Jaigarh Fort through an underground tunnel which allowed the royal family to escape during wartime. Some of the attractions in the fort include Diwan-e-Aam (the Hall of Public Audience) and Diwan-e-Khas (the Hall of Private Audience).
- The Amber Fort is made out of sandstone and marble and its construction was influenced by a combination of Mughal and Hindu styles of architecture.
- The Amber Fort was built by Maharaja Man Singh I in 1592.
- The famous Diwan-e-Khas or Hall of Private Audiences has walls that are covered in intricate mirror work.
- The fourth courtyard houses the zenana (women"s quarters), the place where the king kept each of his wives and visited them when he wished.
- The Amber Palace is connected with the Jaigarh Fort through an underground tunnel, allowing the royal family a path of escape during wartime.
The Amber Fort
Situated about 11 kilometers from Jaipur, the Amber Fort is one of the most famous forts in Rajasthan. This fort was made out of red sandstone and marble and overlooks the Maota Lake.
In 2013, it was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site for being an incredible example of Rajput military architecture.
History of the Amber Fort
The Amber Fort was once located in the old capital of Jaipur state and was the city’s main military fort.
The Amber Fort was completed within two centuries by three different kings. Maharaja Man Singh began its construction in 1592. The fort was completed by Sawai Jai Singh in the 18th century.
Architecture and Layout of the Amber Fort
The Amber Fort was influenced by a combination of Mughal and Hindu architectural styles and consists of a series of courtyards, palaces, halls, and gardens decorated with high ramparts, gates, and cobbled paths. The Amber Fort also provides a splendid view of the city below.
The fort is divided into four different parts, each with a separate entrance. The main entrance to the fort is through the "Suraj Pol" or Sun Gate which opens up into the main courtyard. This gate got its name because it is positioned perfectly to catch the view of the rising sun.
Jaleb Chowk is one of the four courtyards of the palace. The Sila Devi Temple is located at the entrance to the main palace grounds. The second courtyard is famous for the Hall of Public Audience and the Sukh Mahal Palace.
The third courtyard is where the king"s private quarters were located. This area contains the Hall of Private Audiences, famous for its walls that are covered in intricate mirror work using glass imported from Belgium.
The fourth courtyard contains the zenana or women"s quarters.
Attractions Near the Amber Fort
Near the Amber Fort, there are also other attractions you can visit, including the Jaigarh Fort, and Nahargarh Fort.
Jaigargh Fort stands on the top of the Cheel ka Teela Hills and covers an area of 3 kilometers. The fort once served as a storehouse for armor, cannons, weapons, and ammunition.
Here, visitors can take a look at the world"s largest cannon on wheels which weighs about 50 tons. There is also a museum that showcases photographs of India’s rulers, paintings, coins, a circular pack of playing cards, and a balance for measuring explosives.
Nahargarh Fort is located along the Aravalli Hills and overlooks Maota Lake. The fort’s name means ‘abode of tigers’ as it was once regularly visited by wild tigers. The architecture of the fort is a mix of Indo-European styles.
The main highlight of Nahargarh Fort is the Madhavendra Bhawan which has 12 identical suites that were once the residence of queens. Here visitors can explore the Sheesh Mahal with its entire inner room decorated with hand-cut glass.
Panna Meena Ka Kund is one of the best-restored stepwells in Jaipur and can be seen on the way to the Amber Fort.
This stepwell was built in the 16th century to supply the locals with fresh water for drinking and other daily needs.
Here, you will see locals who gather to sit on the multiple levels of a stairs and talk. When the weather is hot, young local boys jump into the pool to swim and play.
Attractions Near the Amber Fort
Inside the fort, you can visit its four main courtyards along with its attractions such as the Hall of Public Audience, Sukh Niwas, and Sheesh Mahal. You can also attend classical Rajasthani dance programs in the Sheesh Mahal and puppet shows in various parts of the fort during dinner time.
Have a meal at 1135 AD, the fine dining restaurant situated in Jaleb Chowk that serves tasty authentic Indian cuisine. In the evening, head to the bottom of the fort, near Maota Lake, to enjoy the sound and light show that explains the history of the Amber Fort using special effects.
How to Explore Amber Fort
Upon entering the fort, you will be in Jaleb Chowk, the primary courtyard where the king"s soldiers assembled and paraded. From here you can explore the Shila Devi Temple, which houses an idol of Kali the Hindu goddess of destruction.
Afterward, head into the second courtyard where you will find the Hall of Public Audience, a large building that is held up by two rows of pillars and is famous for its mosaic glass work.
The third courtyard can be accessed through the ornate Ganesh Pol entrance. This courtyard’s most beautiful attraction is the Sheesh Mahal (Hall of Mirrors). The upper part of the Sheesh Mahal, known as Jas Mandir, is covered in delicate floral designs.
Sukh Mahal is another palace that is located in the third courtyard opposite the Sheesh Mahal and is built of sandalwood and ivory. The Sukh Mahal is where the kings and queens once relaxed.
The fourth courtyard contains the zenana (women"s quarters).
Stay in the Amber Fort for the evening to experience the sound and light show. This show focuses on the history of Jaipur and the fort. It shows ancient stories of the fort, rulers, and more. The show lasts for around 50 minutes and is in both Hindi and English.
Opening time: 8 a.m. to 5:30 p.m.
Entrance fee: 500 rupees
Location: Devisinghpura, Amer, Jaipur, Rajasthan
4 Frequently Asked Questions about the Amber Fort
Below we will discuss 4 questions that are frequently asked by travelers before they visit the Amber Fort including why it is famous, the Amber Fort vs the Amer Fort, and who built it.
1. Is the Amber Fort the same as the Amer fort?
Amber Palace, Amber Fort, Amer Palace, and Amer Fort are all different names referring to the same place. The name Amer is derived from Hindi.
There are several opinions on how the fort got its name. Some say it comes from the Ambikeshwar Temple while others said it comes from Amba, the protector of the world.
2. Why is the Amber Fort famous?
Amber Fort was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site as part of a group of six hill forts in Rajasthan. Its architecture is a notable fusion of Rajput and Mughal styles.
The fort is made entirely out of red sandstone and marble and consists of a series of courtyards, palaces, halls, and gardens.
3. When was the Amber Fort built and by whom?
Amber Fort was built by Raja Man Singh in 1592. The fort was further developed by the successor of Raja Man Singh, Jai Singh I and underwent continuous improvements under the reign of various Rajput Maharajas including Mirza Raja Jai Singh I.
4. Why was the Amber Fort built?
When Raja Man Singh built this palace in 1592, the royal family lived here until Jai Singh II decided to move the capital to Jaipur and the City Palace was built. The Amber Fort was also a way to protect the royal family while showing off their wealth and power.
Explore the Amber Fort with Asia Highlights
Due to the immense size of the fort, it is possible for first-time visitors to get lost at the site or miss some of the important attractions. Explore the Amber Fort with Asia Highlights and we will provide you with a professional guide who will lead you through the fort while explaining its history and significance.